NEW YEAR'S DAY MEAL - A Southern Tradition
If you are planning to celebrate the New Year in the Southeast, it is
most likely that you will be offered black-eyed peas in some form,
either just after midnight or on New Year's Day. From grand gala
gourmet dinners to small casual gatherings with friends and family,
these flavorful legumes are traditionally, according to Southern
folklore, the first food to be eaten on New Year's Day for luck and
prosperity throughout the year ahead.
The practice of eating black-eyed peas for luck is generally believed
to date back to the Civil War. At first planted as food for livestock,
and later a food staple for slaves in the South, the fields of
black-eyed peas were ignored as Sherman's troops destroyed or stole
other crops, thereby giving the humble, but nourishing, black-eyed pea
an important role as a major food source for surviving Confederates.
Today, the tradition of eating black-eyed peas for the New Year has
evolved into a number of variations and embellishments of the luck and
prosperity theme including:
Served with greens (collards, mustard or turnip greens, which varies
regionally), the peas represent coins and the greens represent paper
money. In some areas cabbage is used in place of the greens.
Cornbread, often served with black-eyed peas and greens, represents
the best chance of luck every day in the year ahead, one must eat at
least 365 black-eyed peas on New Year's Day.
Black-eyed peas eaten with stewed tomatoes represent wealth and
some areas, actual values are assigned with the black-eyed peas
representing pennies or up to a dollar each and the greens
representing anywhere from one to a thousand dollars
Adding a shiny penny or dime to the pot just before serving is
another tradition practiced by some. When served, the person whose
bowl contains the penny or dime receives the best luck for the New
Year, unless of course, the recipient swallows the coin, which would
be a rather unlucky way to start off the year.
The catch to all of these superstitious traditions is that the
black-eyed peas are the essential element and eating only the greens
without the peas, for example, will not do the trick.
To Eat or Not to Eat Black-Eyed Peas
Whether you choose to follow the Southern New Year's tradition or not,
black-eyed peas are a good source of nutrition. According to the U.S.
Department of Agriculture, black-eyed peas are low in fat, contain no
cholesterol, and are low in sodium. They are high in potassium, iron,
and fiber and a one-half cup serving of cooked black-eyed peas counts
as one ounce of lean meat from the Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans,
Eggs and Nuts Group of the Food Guide Pyramid.
More About Black-Eyed Peas
Black-eyed peas are actually not peas at all, but rather a variety of
bean related to the cowpea and categorized as legumes, having both
edible seeds and pods. According to the Library of Congress, they have
been cultivated in China and India since pre-historic times and were
eaten by the ancient Greeks and Romans. Early records from 1674
indicate that black-eyed peas were transported from West Africa to the
West Indies by slaves. Subsequently, they reached the Lowcountry
coastal regions of the Carolinas and Georgia, also via the slave
trade, more than 300 years ago.
ON SALE AT YOUR SUPERMARKET
Watch the grocery store flyers this week. On Wednesday (December
30th) most stores will start to sell Collard Greens, Ham's and even
Pork Roasts (I like Boston Butts) at a sale price. I really load up
on the Collard Greens. I cook them and then freeze a bunch of what I
fix so that I can enjoy them into the spring. Here are a few deals
Shanks - 79 cents/Lb (Bi-Lo)
Potatoes - 39 cents/Lb (Bi-Lo)
Watch the newspaper or use the links to the grocery stores at the
bottom of this page. Wednesday is the day they offer new prices.
SLOW DOWN AND SMELL THE FOOD
MY HOUSE ON NEW YEAR'S DAY
Just so you know, this is what we are having at my house on New Years
Day. It takes a little work, but it is so good.