Basics of Growing Vegetables:
Choose a sunny site. Vegetables need sun at least 6 to 8 hours of
sunlight per day.
Choose a spot that drains well. Vegetables demand good drainage.
Improve the soil. Add organic soil amendments each time you plant to
improve the soil texture. Start a compost pile or buy a prepared
planting mix to work into the top 8 inches of soil.
Know what to plant when. It is important to know the difference
between vegetables that need cool weather and those that need heat so
you can plant at the proper time. See our list of
Season vegetables. Seed packets generally state the proper time to
plant. The timing for locally purchased transplants usually takes care
of itself as the plants will only be available in season.
Look locally. The success of many varieties differs from region to
region because of local soils, weather conditions, insects and
diseases. If you are not sure, look for All America Selections award
winners or other such superlatives that have been tested in many
regions of the country.
Plant at the proper depth. It’s easy to set transplants too deeply. If
you do, stems may rot. Use your trowel to make a hole just deep enough
so that the top of a transplant’s root ball is level with the surface
of the ground. Tomatoes are an exception. They may be planted deeply
and will sprout roots along the stem, but remove the lower leaves
Fertilize hybrid vegetables regularly. Hybrids are bred to perform
their best with proper nutrition.
Water vegetables regularly. Vegetables need plenty of water to develop
proper size and flavor. The time that they generally need the most
moisture is when the fruit is growing fast.
Mulch after planting. Use an organic product such as compost. A layer
2 inches deep reduces weeds, conserves moisture, and adds precious
organic matter, or gardener’s "black gold" to the soil as it
decomposes. Avoid piling mulch next to the stems.
To Help Prevent Pest Problems:
Bayer Advanced Garden® PowerForce™ Multi-Insect Killer for control and
continued protection. Bayer Advanced Garden® PowerForce™ Multi-Insect
Killer will kill pests on contact and continue to protect plants for
up to 15 days after spraying. This continued protection is a big
advantage when fighting aphids and other damaging insects that
Don’t delay planting. Many pests migrate into gardens as temperatures
rise in spring and summer. Set seeds or transplants as soon as the
local calendar allows.
Rotate crops. Insects that spend part of their life cycle in the soil
can build up to damaging proportions underground if you grow the same
vegetables in the same place year after year. Crop rotation helps
reduce pests such as Colorado potato beetles and many other insects
that spend time underground.
Plant varieties known to be resistant to pests. Some varieties are
less likely to be damaged by caterpillars or other pests.